The Merge was a success, but are there still risks?

It’s official. At 6:43 a.m. UTC, on September 15th, Ethereum’s Merge was initiated and was finalized about 15 minutes later to the great excitement of the 41,000+ viewers of the YouTube «‎Ethereum Mainnet Merge Viewing Party»‎ and local viewing parties wherever there is a crypto community. With this switch from PoW to PoS, Ethereum cut 99.99% of its energy usage (estimated around 0.02% of global energy usage, roughly the equivalent of Finland). It also eliminated the role of miners, relying instead on a system of validators.

Consolidation of power

Government Censorship


«‎digital assets that allow investors to stake their holdings in exchange for new coins may qualify them as securities

Shanghai Situation


«‎validators will have immediate access to the transaction fees paid and MEV earned during block proposals on the execution layer»

Denial-of-Service (DoS) Attack

The two-block problem

«If you control two consecutive blocks, you can start an exploit on block N and finish it on block N+1 without having any arbitrage bot coming in and fixing the price that you have manipulated in between.»

Replay attacks

ETH price considerations




111PG — the sniping bot killer.

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